Running head: TECHNOLOGY USE
Technology Use at Featherfall
Southern New Hampshire University
Technology Use at Featherfall
Key Historical Events
The emergence of and development of health information systems can be traced back to periods during which there was widespread adoption of computer and information technologies across all segments of the social system. Thereafter, the knowledge of information increasingly began to form part of the general literacy concepts (Masic, 2013). The evolution of health informatics dates back to 1955 to 1965, during which there was widespread experimentation, and exploration in medicine. The pioneers of health informatics include Joshua Lederberg and Yamamoto, who expressed interest in automatic calculation in the 40s of the 20th century. Another critical path in the development of health information systems was the development of BMDP software systems, which are biomedical programs that were developed by Wilfrid Dixon and collaborators, who allow the utilization, who allow the utilization of computers in biostatistics. After the first projects in the in the field of computerized diagnostics, leading to an incentives of Rickli, developed a model for automatic analysis of electrocardiograms.
The area of health informatics, as health professionals recognize today, surfaced when computer technologies began to be more complex enough to support the management of large volumes of data. Previous studies began to be implemented in the area of dentistry, but it was not until 1960s that health informatics started to undergone standardizations. During this period of time, the first standards for healthcare data reporting were put in place by the American Society for Testing and Materials (Masic, 2013). Examples of such standards include: laboratory message content exchanges, property for electronic health record systems, data contents, and health information systems. The first electronic medical records emerged shortly after standardization, after which new nomenclatures for certain disciplines and services were designed. Other developments included bioinformatics, biological data management, and electronic health records.
Guidelines of Technology Use
There are various standards and guidelines that are widely followed when utilizing health information technologies and systems. In the United States, such standards are put in place through consensus and are approved by widely acknowledged bodies and organizations that provide for common and repeated utilization, rules, guidelines, and characteristics of activities that are done when using such technologies (Cowen & Moorhead, 2014). For instance, the HIPAA guidelines require users to protect the privacy of data that are stored in health information systems. In addition, users are encouraged top embrace multifactor authentication to prevent data breaches. Furthermore, these guidelines recommend for the consistent maintenance of patient data during expansion of electronic health record systems (Cowen & Moorhead, 2014). Administrators are also advised to establish proper measures for controlling clinical information systems in order to promote ethical and regulatory demands.
Standard Technologies Used in Health Information Management
There are various technologies that are commonly used for hem management of health information. Examples of such technologies include: electronic health records, clinical information systems, as well as electronic medical records. Clinical information systems are widely utilized to support the process of processing patient data and care (Joos, Nelson & Smith, 2019). Examples of common uses of such technologies include gathering of patient evaluation and health status data, designing plans of care, management of order entry procedures and reporting of results. Other common functions of clinical information systems include tracking and monitoring of treatments, medication administration, as well as designing work lists and responsibilities for health workers (Joos, Nelson & Smith, 2019). Apart from clinical information systems, clinical departmental systems are technologies that are commonly utilized to support the daily tasks of health professionals within clinical departments. Administrative information systems are widely embraced to support the process of automating the management of data used in the daily operations of an institution and data utilized for strategic and long-range planning. Such systems take the form of institution-wide functions such as financial systems and technologies, and systems that are distinct to certain administrative functions and responsibilities. Further, personal health records are technologies and applications that are commonly utilized to support the process of maintaining copies of patients’ own health care records or information (Joos, Nelson & Smith, 2019). Examples of such data may include health information from a broad range of sources such as multiple healthcare providers, laboratories, pharmacies, as well as the patients themselves.
Overview of the Pertinent Roles
At Featherfall, staff members interact with information technologies in various ways. Since all health professionals and staff members are not well trained to operate health information systems, they do not communicate efficaciously on issues such as technology utilization. Moreover, the health information management group utilizes efficacious coding practices, and the contemporary systems that serve them properly. Thus, while they are not well trained to operate such technologies, the current health information system serves them effectively. Nonetheless, other critical roles within the heath institution have encountered numerous challenges with the systems. For instance, the clinical staffs have witnessed record-keeping problems as a result of ineffective training on the systems and the system itself being outmoded.
Evaluating the New Health Information System
The evaluation process will be undertaken in order to assess the effectiveness of the health information system in addressing the challenges that the hospital is witnessing. Therefore, there are two major evaluation processes that will be done: formative evaluation and outcome evaluation. Formative evaluation will be done on a regular basis to assess how users are getting on with the system. Outcome evaluation will be done after the implementation of the system. One method that will be used to undertake outcome evaluation is a pre-post survey. The pre-post survey will be done to investigate the effectiveness of the system before and after implementation. Effectiveness will be evaluated in terms of reduction in fatalities, reduction in medication errors, improvement in quality of care, as well as change in operational efficiency before and after the implementation.
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