James (2013) summarizes that “crisis is a perception or experiencing of an event or situation as an intolerable difficulty that exceeds the person’s current resources and coping mechanisms” (p. 8). There are many theories and models of crisis. Counselor educators categorize these theories as basic, expanded, applied, and eclectic. In particular, an ecosystemic theory of crisis, developed by Bronfenbrenner, is also beginning to emerge as a notable theory. Bronfenbrenner’s ecosystemic theory takes a distinctive look at the ways in which a crisis can affect communities, regions, and entire nations, as well as how crises can slowly spread across continents. An ecosystemic crisis not only affects those individuals who directly experience the catastrophe, but can also produce potential victims who may vicariously experience the crisis.
To prepare for this Discussion:
- Review Chapters 1 and 17 in your course text, Crisis Intervention Strategies, and think about the strengths and limitations of the various crisis theories offered.
- Then consider which theories you think are the most relevant to crisis management and response.
- Review the article, “Toward a Taxonomy of Disaster and Crisis Theories” to develop an understanding of administrative theory in crisis planning.
- Think about the ways in which basic, expanded, applied, and eclectic crisis theories fit into crisis management and response, and where and when Maslow’s hierarchical theory can be applied to understanding crises responses.
- Select two of the crisis theories you read about this week that you believe are the most relevant to crisis management and response and think about the strengths and limitations of each.
With these thoughts in mind:
Post by Day 4 a brief description of the two crisis theories you selected and explain why you believe these theories are the most relevant to crisis management and response. Then analyze the strengths and limitations of each of the two crisis theories you selected.
Note: Put the names of the two theories you selected in the first line of your post. You will be asked to respond to a colleague who chose at least one different theory than you did.